The evolution of the violin – part 2

The Stroh violin was invented by August Stroh at the end of the 19th century and became famous at the early beginning of the 20th. Due to the fact that for the first two models created he did not obtain a pattent (just because he did not apply for one), his work was copied by some other luthiers at the time.

This violin became famous because of its different shape, because the musicians found it inappropriate for the compositions of Mozart, Bach or Beethoven. Why? Because the sound given by it is closer to the one needed in a music band. In Romania, this violin is used especially in Bihor region.

According to a study having as main purpose the geographic localisation of the musical instruments, the Stroh violin was found mostly in the East side of Hungary. It is told that the gypsies brought it to Romania and used it in their bands.

Some of the researchers believe that this type of violin was used in Romania before being patented by Stroh, but unfortunately there is no evidence of the fact that some Romanian luthiers that might have created it.

stroh-2

Vioara Stroh (Vioara cu goarna) a fost inventata de catre August Stroh la sfarsitul secolului al XIX lea si a devenit faimoasa la inceputul secolului XX. Dat fiind faptul ca pentru primele doua modele create acesta nu a obtinut un certificat de patentare (doar pentru ca nu a aplicat pentru unul), munca sa a fost copiata de alti lutieri ai vremii.

Aceasta vioara a devenit faimoasa datorita formei sale, caci muzicienii o considerau nepotrivita pentru compozitiile lui Mozart, Bach sau Beethoven. De ce? Pentru ca sunetul produs de aceasta a fost considerat mai apropiat de cel necesar intr-o formatie. In Romania, aceasta vioara este utilizata mai ales in zona Bihorului.

Potrivit unui studiu a carui scop principal a fost localizarea geografica a instrumentelor muzicale, vioara Stroh a fost observata in partea de est a Ungariei. Se spune ca tiganii au adus-o in Romania si au folosit-o in tarafurile lor.

Cativa dintre cercetatori considera ca acest tip de vioara a fost utilizat in Romania inainte de a fi patentata de Stroh, insa din pacate nu exista nici o dovada a faptului ca anumiti lutieri Romani ar fi creat-o.

Sources/ Surse:

  1. https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vioar%C4%83_cu_goarn%C4%83
  2. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violon_%C3%A0_pavillon
  3. http://www.eliznik.org.uk/RomaniaMusic/stroh.htm

Photo 1, Photo 2 

 

 

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